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  Jubilee 3000 1953 - Beveridge-Shaw

Forth Junction Project
Proposed Replication of

CPR Jubilee 4-4-4 F2a Locomotive 3001
'The Chinook'

 
Forth Junction Project Vision Sharing Historical Perspective Ground Transportation
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Heritage Society

Railways of Central Alberta

Railway Stations

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Historical Perspective 1

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Calgary Edmonton Trail

Rise & Fall of Regional Passenger Rail

3001 'The Chinook'

Locomotives

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Red Deer Transit

Rails to Trails

30s and 40s High Speed Calgary-Edmonton Passenger Rail
'The Chinook' CPR Jubilee 3001
was 1 of only 5

 
Photo descriptions and credits at bottom of page.
 

CPR Jubilee 3001 Calgary Aug. 1938 - Otto Perry



The F2a 3000 class of CPR locomotive established the speed record of 181 km/hr (112.5 mi./hr.) in 1937 that was not broken until 1976.

No locomotives of this unique class survived.



 
'The Chinook' 3001 promotion - CP ArchivesThe semi-streamlined Jubilee locomotive 3001, a unique 4-4-4 wheel arrangement, served the CPR Calgary to Edmonton passenger route from 1936 to 1955 except for a few years during the Second World War when heavier locomotives were required to haul longer trains carrying troops to training centres across the country and to ocean ports.

Part of the vision of the Forth Junction Heritage Society is to eventually create a miniature replica of Jubilee 3001 that headed 'The Chinook', as a functioning and accurate live steam 7.5" (1:8 scale) locomotive that could potentially haul passengers at a future Forth Junction Rail Park.
 

2009 coin Jubilee 3001In 2009, the Canada Mint issued a $20 silver coin commemorating Jubilee locomotive 3001 name 'The Chinook' by Canadian Pacific.
 
The 'high speed' Jubilee was used daily, primarily for the 'Eskimo' in the morning northbound from Calgary and the 'Stampeder' in the afternoon southbound from Edmonton. The trip, including 22 stops along the 194 mile line, took 5 hours and 15 minutes, about one hour faster than conventional steam locomotives.
 
The train usually consisted of the Jubilee locomotive, four light-weight passenger cars and sometimes an express box or refrigerator car. Occasionally, the train had as few as 3 cars or as many as 5. The engine was too light to haul much more than that, especially in reverse moves.
 
A complete consist of four of these passenger cars, including one that was exclusive to the Calgary-Edmonton line, have been located at the former Canadian Museum of Rail Travel in Cranbrook, B.C.
 
Jubilee 3001 the Chinook trainset - CP ArchivesThe first of five of the Jubilee F2a class emerged from the Montreal Locomotive Works in July 1936 designed for fast, lightweight inter-city passenger service. Two were assigned to the Montreal-Quebec City run (3003 & 3004), two for the Toronto-Windsor run (3000 & 3002) and one for the Calgary-Edmonton run (3001). The 4-4-4 wheel arrangement was named 'Jubilee' to commemorate the 50th anniversary of CPR transcontinental passenger service.
 
Chinook at Lacombe 1936 - Lacombe & District Historical SocAfter a tour across western Canada to Vancouver on the main line and returning to Calgary on the southern route, the 3001 began the 'Chinook' service in September of 1936.
 
During the war years, the 3001 was assigned to the Lethbridge-Medicine Hat line as much heavier locomotives were needed to haul the massive increase in passenger travel on the Calgary-Edmonton line due to the war effort. Towards the end of the war, the Chinook returned to the Calgary-Edmonton line.
 
A few changes to the locomotive occurred early in its return -- the original coal tender was converted to oil (the only one of the five that was) and the distinctive but easily damaged sheet metal wraparound pilot was replaced with a front similar to the 2900 class F1a as a result of encounters with vehicle traffic at some of the 210 grade crossings between the two largest Alberta cities.
 
In 1954, the new RDC Budd Dayliners started replacing the Jubilee and by the next year, 3001 'The Chinook' was retired. Apparently due to a misunderstanding where both Calgary and Montreal thought the other was going to save the last locomotives of the class, both were scrapped, the 3001 in March 1957.
Jubilee 3003 speed record steam locomotive ca1950 - CPArchives-Lavellee

A sister locomotive, No. 3003, broke the steam speed record in Quebec in September 1937 during a special air brake test clocking in at 112.5 miles per hour (181 km per hour) that was never matched by any other Canadian steam locomotive. In fact, it took until March 1976 for both a diesel LRC and Turbo Train to exceed that speed.
 Jubilee 2922 at Red Deer 1940 - RD Archives P7583
A similar class of locomotive, twenty F1a Jubilees numbered in the 2910 to 2929 series, were built in 1937 and 1938 with 75" drivers instead of the 80" drivers of the 3000 series, were five feet shorter, lacked the distinctive wraparound pilot, and the main rods were connected to the rear drivers instead of the front as was the case with the 3000s.


They were used for secondary passenger runs including Edmonton to Lloydminster and Edmonton-Wetaskiwin-Hardisty and as a result passed through Red Deer periodically for maintenance in Calgary. They were also known to have hauled freight after their retirement as passenger locomotives until their disposal.

F1a 2928 only Jubilee remaining in Canada at Guelph 1954 - Beveridge-Shaw
Two of the 2900 class survived -- 2928 is located at the Canadian Railway Museum (Exporail) in St-Constant, Quebec and 2929 (built 1938, sold in 1959 to Nelson Blount) is at Steamtown National Historic Site (created in 1986) in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Both are waiting for restoration, likely for static display only, and are not currently available for public view. Engine 2929 in Scranton is in especially bad shape having been exposed to the elements for many years.

A Canadian-built 4-car trainset of lightweight passenger cars representing 'the Chinook' has survived at the Cranbrook History Centre (formerly the Canadian Museum of Rail Travel). It includes mail-express (3612), baggage-buffet combine (3051), and two first-class coaches (1700 & 2104). All require restoration and are currently for sale.

A long term goal of the Forth Junction Heritage Society is to replicate the 3001 in live steam 7.5" (1:8) scale either as a static display or used to haul passengers at the proposed community heritage rail park.


Photo descriptions and credits:
Header photo:
Jubilee 3000 locomotive Toronto 1953 (J.F. Beveridge, Dave Shaw collection);
Jubilee F2a 3001 'The Chinook' Calgary Aug. 1938 (Otto Perry);
Jubilee promotional photo (Canadian Pacific Archives);
Royal Canadian Mint 2009 commemorative coin 'The Chinook';
'The Chinook' south of Edmonton 1939 (BC Archives);
'The Chinook' train led by Jubilee 3001 and 4 cars (Canadian Pacific Archives);
Jubilee F2a 3001 heading 'The Chinook' at Lacombe 1936 (Lacombe & District Historical Society);
Jubilee 3001 heading 'The Chinook' near Innisfail 1943-44 without wraparound pilot (Donald Wallington);
Speed-record locomotive Jubilee F2a 3003 Montreal ca 1950 (Canadian Pacific Archives - Omer Lavellee);
Jubilee F1a 2922 at Red Deer 1940 (Red Deer Archives P7583);
Jubilee F1a 2928 at Guelph, Ont. May 1954 (J.F. Beveridge photo, F.D. Shaw Collection);
Jubilee F1a 2929 at Steamtown, PA needing restoration (Steamtown National Historic Site);
'The Chinook' trainset at former Canadian Museum of Rail Travel Cranbrook (Paul Pettypiece 2009)

 


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